The German company Festo has developed a technology that uses a robot to create interconnected webs of glass fiber. The technology, called 3D Cocooner inspired is a technique by which insects create their cocoons. The architecture is mainly associated with people. But above all animals they created impressive structures. Bees, wasps and termites build houses layer by layer. Spiders and caterpillars build houses imposing structure using fiber.
3D structure created using 3D Cocooner is designed using software that generates a direct instruction to the robot. Using the spinning nozzle forms a predetermined shape, which is then cured by UV diode. The fibers may be combined to form a complex 3D structure. If needed, but may be cut and re-concatenated with other parts of the structure. The structure of innovative nozzle is based on cameras that evolution produced in the bodies of caterpillars. The model concept 3D Cocooner is a caterpillar that turns your cocoon.
In contrast to conventional techniques for the preparation of an additive, the structures are not built layer by layer, but formed freely in three-dimensional space. This approach enables the production of complex structures in relatively short time. The current version of the device can produce fibers at a speed of 10 mm per second.
At the moment created structures do not have a high quality. We hope, however, that the technology continues to evolve and the emergence of a lot of interesting and necessary 3D printing.